Panaqolus species are dwarf Panaques, to put it simple. P.albomaculatus is among the more regular species of the genus in the hobby, and a common export from Peru. In aquariums, they are fairly hardy fish once settled, and as long as they are given wood to chew on.
Name: Panaqolus albomaculatus (Kanazawa, 1958)
Trade names: LDA31
Origin: Rio Napo, Ecuador. Rio Marañon, Peru.
Maximum size: 15 cm / 6''
Panaqolus species are great aquarium fish. They need shelter in the form of wood and rocks, and if they feel safe they will venture out in search of food even during daytime. They prefer a vegetarian diet, and of course wood is essential for their digestion. Some crustaceans and insect larvae can be added to their diet, but a diet consisting of too much protein and too little vegetarian food can cause trouble. They are peaceful Plecos, but males can be quarrelsome over territories and food. Panaqolus species are slightly more challenging to breed than many other popular Plecos, but it's usually all a matter of time and patience. When they do, they breed in typical Loricariidae manner with the male guarding the brood in his cave. Usually, male Panaqolus develop quite impressive odontodal growth on their flanks and on their fins.
Several similar looking forms of P.albomaculatus species are exported from Peru. They vary slightly in the size of the spots and in the level of darkness in their base colour. If these all belong to P.albomaculatus or not is unclear. L426 is one of them, it has smaller spots than LDA31.